/ Mary told me that she ate a lot of fruit. Tenses change in indirect speech if: the reported words are no longer true or are out-of-date; this is often the case when we report something after the reference point of the original statement and the reporting verb is in a past tense: Philip in 1980: I … Tense changes. Learn useful grammar rules in relation to Reported speech with example sentences and ESL printable worksheets.. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free English lesson! The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. This lesson should be reviewed after part 1 (read part 1 here), where we talked about important rules for time tense changes in indirect speech.Today, we’ll be focusing on the 4 changes necessary when you do need to make changes from direct to indirect speech.. We use reported speech when the agent (doer of the action) is to be made prominent and we use passive voice when we the person or object on which the action is done is to be made prominent. He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Tense Change in Reported Speech. The simple past tense usually changes to the past perfect in reported speech. Solve following direct and indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense. Think about the verb going one step backwards. This reflects the difference in time between when the comment was originally made, and when it was reported. An order is when somebody tells you to do something.. We can use ‘tell’ with infinitives to report orders: Jim’s mum: Wash your hands! The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. He said that he had worked over his project. Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. 1. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). Change of tenses. ; The structure here is: Reported Speech: Mary said that she ate a lot of fruit. Learn how to use reported speech in English.Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said.Using reported speech in English can sometimes be difficult for non-native speakers as we (usually) change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. She told him to wash his hands. Present Simple → Past Simple Direct Speech: I eat a lot of fruit. = … When you use reported speech, many times the verb from direct speech changes. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. Pronoun changes in reported speech In reported or indirect speech we must also pay attention to the use of pronouns. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Welcome back to part 2 of your ‘Everyday English’ lesson on reported speech. In such cases the agent with ‘by’ is usually avoided. She told him not to touch the pan. This fact is made most obviously clear when the present tense is adapted to the past, as follows: Tense changes in reported speech When a person said something in the past and now we tell somebody what that person said, the time is different, and for this reason, the verb tenses change. ; Jim’s mum: Don’t touch that pan – it’s hot! 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