The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus longispinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Overview Appearance Cenchrus species are an annual to perennial mat forming grass, (family Poaceae) usually growing from 2-40 in. Growth can be erect or decumbent. Introduced in France to Romania, Morocco, Israel, Caucasus, Iran, Caribbean, Central America, South America (Venezuela, Argentina), Australia. In the Carolinas, at least, "sandspur" is much the more often used -- as do Weakley (2018) and RAB (1968) -- and thus the website editors are using that group common name. Common Name. The main flower stalk axis is wavy. It is also considered a winter annual, that is, it can live for one year, with a winter included. Life Cycle. Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. All Images Enlarge Image. The fruits are contained in the spiny burs that are along the terminal panicle. Identification Notes. Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Taxonomy: Cenchrus, Poaceae Category: Monocot. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. Rank. secretion, hence the common name m ealybugs. Worldwide: Native to North and South America (USDA-ARS 2016 Footnote 2).Introduced to Europe (Belgium, Italy, Ukraine) and Australia (CABI 2016 Footnote 3). Under certain conditions, it can persist as a biennial or perennial. Fernald APNI*. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Farm animals are often injured when grazing in locations where this plant is growing, often injuring their mouths and eye. Common name: Mossman River Grass. native annual, reproducing by seed. The burs can prick the skin when dry out. Species: Cenchrus longispinus. (5-100 cm) in height. Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: … Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Other common names for Cenchrus longispinus are Matted Sandbur and Long-spined Sandbur. NH, NJ, MN, MV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX UT, VA, TV WA, WI, WV, WY, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a. When dried, the burs become sharp and attach to the clothing or shoelaces of passersby. Kingdom. Notes. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. pedicellate), have several rows of larger flattened spines (usually with 40-70 spines in total), and numerous smaller hairy bristles at their base. Family. Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. The leaves, that can reach lengths of up to 6", form along the entire length of the stems. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. longispinus (Hack.) More photos of Cenchrus longispinus in CalPhotos. 2013. Fern. References . Fern. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cenchrus longispinus is a species of grass, also known as spiny burr grass or gentle Annie. Its aggressive, invasive nature is intensified by its burs ability to latch onto the fur of animals and the clothing of passersby to be spread to other locations. Spiny burrgrass; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Long-spined sandbur. Cenchrus echinatus L. APNI* Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. They are enclosed in round, spine-covered, yellow-green burs. It … Cenchrus longispinus. SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-69-005: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Culms . They can also become lodged in human clothing, causing some discomfort. Regulation. Leaves. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) They can also attach themselves to vehicle tires or be washed to new location via rainfall. Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Preferred name: Cenchrus longispinus. Additional rooting can take place where the nodes touch the ground. Cenchrus species are native to North America, Mexico, … Why Is It a Noxious Weed? Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. : not known to be. Leaves with sheath keeled, margins glabrous or pilose; ligule reduced to a densely ciliate rim; blade 3–12 mm wide, glabrous to pubescent, scabrid. Leaves with sheath strongly compressed, keeled, margins and throat pilose; ligule ciliate; blade scabrous to sparsely pilose, usually flat, 3–7.2 mm wide. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE. ), and they even grow together in weedy lawns and other habitats. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Mat Sandbur is a loosely clumped summer annual grass with branching stems, referred to as culms, of up to 2.5' long. Illinois Wildflowers. form a strategic partnership called N.C. New and emerging invasive plants in the ACT. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald . spiny burrgrass (Cenchrus longispinus) has seed-heads that produce spiny 'burrs'. Sometimes they even grow together in weedy lawns. C. longispinus stems are somewhat flattened and hairless and has a fibrous root system. Cenchrus longispinus. Scientific Name and Common Name. Rich. General Description. They may have a reddish color near the base. Classification. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #summer annual Add. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter : Nastus carolinianus (Walter) Lunell : Cenchrus pauciflorus var. Name . Basionym: Cenchrus echinatus f. longispinus Hack. Common Name(s): field sandbur [English] innocent-weed [English] mat sandbur [English] burgrass [English] longspine sandbur [English] sandbur [English] Taxonomic Status: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Common Names. Cenchrus longispinus Fernald. They often form large mats and can grow up to 2' in length. Fernald WildNet taxon ID 10205 Alternate name(s) spiny burrgrass innocent weed hedgehog grass gentle annie bohena beauty Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source This profile data is sourced … Common Name: SANDBUR Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Transmission of the Grapevine virus B by the mealybug Pseudococcus longispinus Targioni-Tozzetti (Hemiptera:Pseudococcidae) in Brazil . Classification. Cenchrus longispinus. Sandburs are easily recognized by their distinctive burs, which are formed by fusion of sterile branches from the flowering head. Common names: mat sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (mat sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 2 feet tall and is found in the Central Valley, Modoc Plateau area, and the south coast and desert ranges of California. However, Crabgrasses produce finger-like spikes of flowers that lack burs. Rhodora; Journal of the New England Botanical Club. SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. EPPO Code: CCHLO. Cenchrus echinatus f. longispina Hack. longispinus; Description. They can be flat, or folded lengthwise and sometimes rolled up slightly on the edges. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Cenchrus glaucus C.R. Cenchrus echinatus L. Show All Show Tabs southern sandbur General Information; Symbol: CEEC ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Sheaths may reach 20 in. How would I identify it? Canadian: Occurs in BC, ON, QC (Brouillet et al. The flower is a spike-like clusters of 1-4" long at the stem tips. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  This plant can be invasive. Jansen & Wacht. Paniceae. Subkingdom. Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) utique rej. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. Typically, each spike can contain 40 and occasionally up to 50 burs. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Several culms are produced from the base that may sprawl along the ground or stand in an ascending fashion. They consist of 1 to 3 seeds each. Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Roadsides, railroads, fields, and disturbed places generally; an obnoxious weed, especially frequent in dry sandy places but mercifully not yet common … (Crabgrasses). Common Name: longspine sandbur, sandspur, field sandbur, common sandbur. click thumbnail to see a larger image . 2016 Footnote 1). (51 cm) in height. longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. N of The Dalles, OR along Dallasport Rd ca. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Other Common Names: mat sand bur Weed class: C Year Listed: 1988 Native to: Canada, Mexico, and parts of the United States Is this Weed Toxic? Cenchrus longisetus* M.C. Cambridge, MA 45:388. Burr Bubba73 CC BY-SA 3.0 Habitat Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0 Stem formation Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0. Cenchrus longispinus. Preferred Scientific Name. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). Common Names. Common names: Bohena beauty (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; dune sandbur (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; gentle Annie (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; hedgehog grass (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; long-spine sandbur (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English; mat sandbur (Source: F NAmer) - English; … Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter, nom. The upper side is rough, with a smooth lower surface. NOTE: Some sites use "sandspur" and some use "sandbur" for the group common name for Cenchrus. Mudaliar & Sundararaj Pennisetum cenchroides A. Editor. USA (most of USA and Canada), Mexico. Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=18557, accessed on December 31, 2020. Another common name for Cenchrus longispinus is Matted Sandbur. Botanical name References: Hilty, J. The spike is enclosed by a leaf sheath. Stem: 5--100(200) cm, erect or decumbent, generally bent; nodes and internodes generally glabrous; internode solid to spongy. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth is quite similar to Digitaria spp. APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACMAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paniceae • Genus: Cenchrus • … 1943; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Other scientific names. Male P. longispinus, P. viburni, and P. ficus also mated multiple times during their lifetimes (maximum of 9, 11, and 19 times, respectively). Scientific name Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) ex W. H. Wagner slide collection. Plantae – Plants. It is native to the central and eastern United States. Its fruits are clumped into " burrs " with sharp, barbed spines that can penetrate the hides and mouth of grazing animals. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth are quite similar to those of crabgrasses ( Digitaria spp. Fernald: Common Name: SANDBUR, SANDSPUR: Coefficient of Conservatism: 0 Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Nt A-Grass. Longspine sandbur was changed from a Class B to a Class C noxious weed in 2013. Common Name(s): Long-Spined Sandbur; Previously known as: Cenchrus pauciflorus var. Each bur encloses 2-3 (-4) spikelets. Fernald: Family: Poaceae: Common Names: mat sandbur, longspine sandbur: Eastern Washington: Probably introduced: Conservation Status: Notes: Click on any image to enlarge it. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. source: ArcGIS Collector app, Canberra Nature Map, Atlas of Living Australia, National Herbarium. Family: Poaceae. These 'burrs' are shortly stalked (i.e. Johnst., Sida 1 (3): 182 (1963). N.C. multiple from base, tufted, spreading and ascending, mat-forming and rooting at nodes, compressed, smooth. Poaceae. Overview Appearance Cenchrus longispinus is an annual grass with conspicuous burs along the seedhead. In their natural habitat, they can be found growing in sandy sites, abandoned fields and in areas that have been disturbed recently. The light green stems or culms is covered by a sheath of leaves. Cenchrus longispinus; Preferred Common Name. SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Cenchrus pauciflorus Authority: (Hackel) Fernald. Mat Sandbur is a summer annual grass. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. 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